Faina Hryhorivna Velieva-Melnyk (Ukrainian: Фаїна Григорівна Мельник, Russian: Фаина Григорьевна Велева-Мельник Faina Grigorievna Veleva-Melnik; born July 9, 1945, in Bakota, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Ukrainian SSR) was an Ukraininan discus thrower of Jewish descent, a 1972 Summer Olympics champion in the discus event.
In 1972 at the Munich Olympic Games, she established another world record (with her final throw) of 66.62 metres. During the contest she broke the Olympic record three times, with each of her three final throws.
She took her second European title in 1974 at Rome with a throw of exactly 69.00 metres.
Melnyk was the first woman to break the 70-meter mark in 1975. Her personal best was 70.50 m in 1976. At the Olympic Games in 1976 she received a 4th place.
A member of the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, Melnyk is currently a teacher in Moscow